Expression Patterns and Promoter Characteristics of the Vitis Quinquangularis VqSTS36 Gene Involved in Abiotic and Biotic Stress Response.
Xiangjing Yin, Li Huang, Xiuming Zhang, Chunlei Guo, Hao Wang, Zhi Li, Xiping Wang.
Abstract: Resveratrol is a stilbene compound that is synthesized by plants in response to bioticstress and has been linked to health benefits associated with the consumption of certain foods and food products, such as grapes and wine. The final step in the biosynthesis of resveratrol is catalyzed by the enzyme stilbene synthase (STS). Here, we assessed the expression of two STS genes (VqSTS36 and VpSTS36) from the wild grape species Vitis quinquangularis (accession ‘Shang-24’; powdery mildew (PM) resistant) and Vitis pseudoreticulata (accession ‘Hunan-1’; PM susceptible) followinginfectionbyUncinulanecator(Schw.)Burr,thecausal agent of PM disease. Some correlation was observed between the relative levels of STS36 transcript and disease resistance. Wealsoclonedthe5′upstream sequence of both VpSTS36 and VqSTS36 and generated a series of 5′ VqSTS36 promoter deletions fused to the GUS reporter gene in order to analyze expression in response to wounding, the application of exogenous stress-associated hormones, and biotic stress in tobacco leaves. The promoter was shown to be induced by the hormone salicylic acid (SA), inoculation with the fungal pathogen Erysiphe cichoracearum, and by wounding. These results suggest that VqSTS36 is regulated by biotic stresses and that it plays an important role in mediating disease resistance in grape.