Resveratrol Accumulation and Its Involvement in Stilbene Synthetic Pathway of Chinese Wild Grapes During Berry Development Using Quantitative Proteome Analysis
Ruimin Li, Xiaoqing Xie, Fuli Ma, Dan Wang, Lan Wang, Jianxia Zhang, Yan Xu, Xiping Wang, Chaohong Zhang, Yuejin Wang.
Abstract: Attention has become focused on resveratrol not only because of its role in grapevine fungal resistance but also because of its benefits in human health. This report describes the Chinese wild grapevine Vitis quinquangularis accession Danfeng-2 in relation to the high resveratrol content of its ripe berries. In this study, we used isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) tandem mass spectrometry strategy to quantify and identify proteome changes, resulting in the detection of a total of 3,751 proteins produced under natural conditions. Among the proteins quantified, a total of 578 differentially expressed proteins were detected between Danfeng-2 and Cabernet Sauvignon during berry development. Differentially expressed proteins are involved in secondary metabolism, biotic stress, abiotic stress and transport activity and indicate novel biological processes in Chinese wild grapevine. Eleven proteins involved in phenylpropanoid metabolism and stilbene synthesis were differently expressed between Danfeng-2 and Cabernet Sauvignon at the veraison stage of berry development. These findings suggest that Chinese wild V. quinquangularis accession Danfeng-2 is an extremely important genetic resource for grape breeding and especially for increasing the resveratrol content of European grape cultivars for disease resistance and for improved human nutritional benefits.