Rapid Identification of an Adult Plant Stripe Rust Resistance Gene in Hexaploid Wheat by High-throughput SNP Array Genotyping of Pooled Extremes
Jianhui Wu, Shengjie Liu, Qilin Wang, Qingdong Zeng, Jingmei Mu, Shuo Huang, Shizhou Yu, Dejun Han, Zhensheng Kang.
Theor Appl Genet
Abstract: Key message: High-throughput SNP array analysis of pooled extreme phenotypes in a segregating population by KASP marker genotyping permitted rapid, cost-effective location of a stripe rust resistance QTL in wheat.
Abstract: German wheat cultivar “Friedrichswerther” has exhibited high levels of adult plant resistance (APR) to stripe rust in field environments for many years. F2:3 lines and F6 recombinant inbred line (RILs) populations derived from a cross between Friedrichswerther and susceptible landrace Mingxian 169 were evaluated in the field in 2013, 2016 and 2017. Illumina 90K iSelect SNP arrays were used to genotype bulked extreme pools and parents; 286 of 1135 polymorphic SNPs were identified on chromosome 6B. Kompetitive Allele-Specific PCR (KASP) markers were used to verify the chromosome region associated with the resistance locus. A linkage map was constructed with 18 KASP-SNP markers, and a major effect QTL was identified within a 1.4 cM interval flanked by KASP markers IWB71602 and IWB55937 in the region 6BL3-0-0.36. The QTL, named QYr.nwafu-6BL, was stable across environments, and explained average 54.4 and 47.8% of the total phenotypic variation in F2:3 lines and F6 RILs, respectively. On the basis of marker genotypes, pedigree analysis and relative genetic distance QYr.nwafu-6BL is likely to be a new APR QTL. Combined high-throughput SNP array genotyping of pooled extremes and validation by KASP assays lowers sequencing costs compared to genome-wide association studies with SNP arrays, and more importantly, permits rapid isolation of major effect QTL in hexaploid wheat as well as improving accuracy of mapping in the QTL region. QYr.nwafu-6BL with flanking KASP markers developed and verified in a subset of 236 diverse lines can be used in marker-assisted selection to improve stripe rust resistance in breeding programs.