Biogeography and Ecological Processes Affecting Root-Associated Bacterial Communities in Soybean Fields across China
Baogang Zhang, Jun Zhang, Yao Liu, Yanqing Guo, Peng Shi, Gehong Wei.
Science of the Total Environment
Abstract: Root-associated bacteria have profound effects on plant health and productivity, butt heir biogeographic patterns across large spatial scales remain poorly understood. Here, we used high–throughput sequencing to compare the bacterial distributions in the bulk soil, rhizosphere, and endosphere across 51 soybean fields in China. Environmental variables were more important than spatial variables, and edaphic variables were more important than climatic variables, for governing bacterial community turnover in each soil-root compartment. Both bacterial richness and community turnover were significantly correlated with different environmental and spatial variables among the three compartments. Their different spatial autocorrelation ranges for bacteria suggested distinct bacterial biogeographic patterns were present. The distributions of nearest taxon index (NTI) showed that deterministic processes dominated local bacterial communities, while its importance decreased from the bulk soil to the endosphere. These results provide new insights into the assembly of root–associated bacterial communities at a continental scale.