Histological and Cytological Studies of Plant Infection by Erysiphe euonymi-japonici
Juanni Yao, Dan Yu, Yulin Cheng, Zhensheng Kang.
Abstract: Powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe euonymi-japonici (Eej) is an increasingly serious fungal disease on Euonymus japonicas that is an important ornamental plant. However, little is currently known about infection and pathogenesis of Eej on E.japonicus. Here, we report plant infection by Eej at the histological and cytological levels. Eej caused severe disease symptoms with white and snow-like colonies on leaf surfaces of E. japonicus. Microscopic observations were conducted continuously to define infection process of Eej on E. japonicus. Eej conidia germinated to produce appressorial germ tubes on leaf surfaces and formed irregular haustoria in plant epidermal cells at 6 h post-inoculation (hpi) and 12 hpi, respectively. After uptaking nutrients from host cells by haustoria, Eej formed numerous hyphae and extensive colonization on leaf surfaces at 96 hpi and finally produced abundant conidiophores and new conidia on leaf surfaces at 168 hpi. In addition, there was consistently a single nucleus in different Eej infection structures and haustorial development could be divided into three major stages, including formation of penetration peg, formation of haustorial neck and initial haustorium, and maturation of haustorium. These results provide useful information for further determination of Eej pathogenesis and finally controlling the disease.