Comparative Genome-Wide Mapping Versus Extreme Pool-Genotyping and Development of Diagnostic SNP Markers Linked to QTL for Adult Plant Resistance to Stripe Rust in Common Wheat
Jianhui Wu, Shuo Huang, Qingdong Zeng, Shengjie Liu, Qilin Wang, Jingmei Mu, Shizhou Yu, Dejun Han, Zhensheng Kang.
Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Abstract: CYMMIT-derived wheat line P10103 was previously identified to have adult plant resistance (APR) to stripe rust in the greenhouse and field. The conventional approach for QTL mapping in common wheat is laborious. Here, we performed QTL detection of APR using a combination of genome-wide scanning and extreme pool-genotyping. SNP-based genetic maps were constructed using the Wheat55 K SNP array to genotype a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from the cross Mingxian 169 × P10103. Five stable QTL were detected across multiple environments. After comparing SNP profiles from contrasting, extreme DNA pools of RILs six putative QTL were located to approximate chromosome positions. A major QTL on chromosome 4B was identified in F 2:4 contrasting pools from cross Zhengmai 9023 × P10103. A consensus QTL (LOD = 26–40, PVE = 42–55%), named QYr.nwafu-4BL, was defined and localized to a 4.5-Mb interval flanked by SNP markers AX-110963704 and AX-110519862 in chromosome arm 4BL. Based on stripe rust response, marker genotypes, pedigree analysis and mapping data, QYr.nwafu-4BL is likely to be a new APR QTL. The applicability of the SNP-based markers flanking QYr.nwafu-4BL was validated on a diversity panel of 276 wheat lines. The additional minor QTL on chromosomes 4A, 5A, 5B and 6A enhanced the level of resistance conferred by QYr.nwafu-4BL. Marker-assisted pyramiding of QYr.nwafu-4BL and other favorable minor QTL in new wheat cultivars should improve the level of APR to stripe rust.