VAR2/AtFtsH2 and EVR2/BCM1/CBD1 synergistically regulate the accumulation of PSII reaction center D1 protein during de-etiolation in Arabidopsis
Xiaomin Wang,Qinglong Li,Yalin Zhang,Mi Pan,Ruijuan Wang,Yifan Sun,Lijun An,Xiayan Liu,Fei Yu,Yafei Qi
Plant, Cell & Environment
Thylakoid FtsH complex participates in PSII repair cycle during high light-induced photoinhibition. The Arabidopsis yellow variegated2 (var2 ) mutants are defective in the VAR2/AtFtsH2 subunit of thylakoid FtsH complex. Taking advantage of the var2 leaf variegation phenotype, dissections of genetic enhancer loci have yielded novel paradigms in understanding functions of thylakoid FtsH complex. Here, we report the isolation of a new var2 enhancer, enhancer of variegation2-1 (evr2-1 ). We confirmed that EVR2 encodes a chloroplast protein that was known as BALANCE OF CHLOROPHYLL METABOLISM 1 (BCM1), or CHLOROPHYLL BIOSYNTHETIC DEFECT 1 (CBD1). We showed that EVR2/BCM1/CBD1 was involved in the oligomerization of photosystem I complexes. Genetic assays indicated that general defects in chlorophyll biosynthesis and the accumulation of photosynthetic complexes do not necessarily enhance var2 leaf variegation. In addition, we found that VAR2/AtFtsH2 is required for the accumulation of photosynthetic proteins during de-etiolation. Moreover, we identified PSII core proteins D1 and PsbC as potential EVR2-associated proteins using Co-IP/MS. Furthermore, the accumulation of D1 protein was greatly compromised in the var2-5 evr2-1 double mutant during de-etiolation. Together, our findings reveal a functional link between VAR2/AtFtsH2 and EVR2/BCM1/CBD1 in regulating chloroplast development and the accumulation of PSII reaction center D1 protein during de-etiolation.