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rDNA- and rRNA-Derived Communities Present Divergent Assemblage Patterns and Functional Traits throughout Full-Scale Landfill Leachate Treatment Process Trains

Duntao Shu, Jianhua Guo, Baogang Zhang, Yanling He, GehongWei.

Science of The Total Environment

DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.388

 

 

Abstract: Understanding the influences of microbial interactions and niche heterogeneities on microbial communities and functional traits is critical for determining its engineering and ecological significance. However, little is known about microbial community assemblage and functional gene expression throughout full-scale landfill leachate treatment plants. Here, we applied a combination of 16S rRNA and rDNA amplicon sequencing, shotgun metagenomic, and qPCR approaches to unveil the ecological associations between distinct communities, functional gene expression and nitrogen cycling processes. By comparing the rDNA and rRNA-derived communities, the rRNA/rDNA ratios suggested that 57.2% of rare taxawere active, and their abundance decreased as increasing of potential activities. In particular, rDNA- and rRNA-based communities exhibited divergent assemblage patterns, and stronger intra-associations among core taxa in the rRNA-based communities than in rDNA-based communities. Furthermore, results regarding both bacterial assemblage and functional traits indicated that the habitat filtering and niche differentiation (treatment units) exerted selection on microbial communities based on functional traits, particular for key ecological functions related to nitrogen cycling. Collectively, our findings provide insights into structure-function associations at the local level and shed light on ecological rules guiding rDNA- and rRNA-based community assembly in landfill leachate treatment systems.