A Major QTL Co‑Localized on Chromosome 6BL and Its Epistatic Interaction for Enhanced Wheat Stripe Rust Resistance
Qingdong Zeng, Jianhui Wu, Shengjie Liu, Shuo Huang, Qilin Wang, Jingmei Mu,·Shizhou Yu, Dejun Han, Zhensheng Kang.
Theor Appl Genet.
Abstract: Cultivars with diverse resistance are the optimal strategy to minimize yield losses caused by wheat stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici). Two wheat populations involving resistant wheat lines P10078 and Snb“S” from CIMMYT were evaluated for stripe rust response in multiple environments. Pool analysis by Wheat660K SNP array showed that the overlapping interval on chromosome 6B likely harbored a major QTL between two populations. Then, linkage maps were constructed using KASP markers, and a co-localized locus with large effect on chromosome 6BL was detected using QTL analysis in both populations. The coincident QTL, named QYr.nwafu-6BL.2, explained 59.7% of the phenotypic maximum variation in the Mingxian 169 × P10078 and 52.5% in the Zhengmai 9023 × Snb“S” populations, respectively. This co-localization interval spanning 3.9 cM corresponds to ~ 30.5-Mb genomic region of the newest common wheat reference genome (IWGSC RefSeq v.1.0). In addition, another QTL was also detected on chromosome 2B in Zhengmai 9023 × Snb“S” population and it can accelerate expression of QYr.nwafu-6BL.2 to enhance resistance with epistatic interaction. Allowing for Pst response, marker genotypes, pedigree analysis and relative genetic distance, QYr.nwafu-6BL.2 is likely to be a distinct adult plant resistance QTL. Haplotype analysis of QYr.nwafu-6BL.2 revealed specific SNPs or alleles in the target region from a diversity panel of 176 unrelated wheat accessions. This QTL region provides opportunity for further map-based cloning, and haplotypes analysis enables pyramiding favorable alleles into commercial cultivars by marker-assisted selection.